Simon & Garfunkel – Bridge Over Troubled Water (1970)

AllMusic Review: Bridge Over Troubled Water was one of the biggest-selling albums of its decade, and it hasn’t fallen too far down on the list in years since. Apart from the gospel-flavored title track, which took some evolution to get to what it finally became, however, much of Bridge Over Troubled Water also constitutes a stepping back from the music that Simon & Garfunkel had made on Bookends — this was mostly because the creative partnership that had formed the body and the motivation for the duo’s four prior albums literally consumed itself in the making of Bridge Over Troubled Water. The overall effect was perhaps the most delicately textured album to close out the 1960s from any major rock act. Bridge Over Troubled Water, at its most ambitious and bold, on its title track, was a quietly reassuring album; at other times, it was personal yet soothing; and at other times, it was just plain fun. The public in 1970 — a very unsettled time politically, socially, and culturally — embraced it; and whatever mood they captured, the songs matched the standard of craftsmanship that had been established on the duo’s two prior albums. Between the record’s overall quality and its four hits, the album held the number one position for two and a half months and spent years on the charts, racking up sales in excess of five million copies. The irony was that for all of the record’s and the music’s appeal, the duo’s partnership ended in the course of creating and completing the album. — Bruce Eder

Track Listing

All tracks are written by Paul Simon except where noted.

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Recorded Length
1. “Bridge over Troubled Water” November 9, 1969 4:52
2. “El Cóndor Pasa (If I Could)” Daniel Alomía Robles, arranged by Jorge Milchberg and English lyrics by Paul Simon November 2, 1969 3:06
3. “Cecilia” November 2, 1969 2:55
4. “Keep the Customer Satisfied” November 2, 1969 2:33
5. “So Long, Frank Lloyd Wright” November 9, 1969 3:41
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Recorded Length
1. “The Boxer” November 8, 1968 5:08
2. “Baby Driver” November 2, 1968 3:14
3. “The Only Living Boy in New York” November 15, 1969 3:58
4. “Why Don’t You Write Me” November 8, 1969 2:45
5. “Bye Bye Love” (Live recording from Ames, Iowa) Felice Bryant, Boudleaux Bryant November 14, 1969 2:55
6. “Song for the Asking” November 1, 1969 1:49


Schill Score: 9/10


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Simon & Garfunkel – Bookends (1968)

AllMusic Review: Simon & Garfunkel quietly slipped Bookends, their fourth album, into the bins with a whisper in March 1968. They are equal collaborators with producer/engineer Roy Halee in a multivalently layered song cycle observing the confusion of those seeking an elusive American Dream, wistfully reflecting on innocence lost forever to the cold winds of change. Bookends opens with an acoustic guitar stating a theme, slowly and plaintively. It erupts into the musical dissonance that introduces “Save the Life of My Child.” Its uneasy rock & roll frames highly metaphorical and ironic lyrics and a nursery rhyme bridge. “America” is a folk song with a lilting soprano saxophone in its refrain as a small pipe organ paints acoustic guitars, framed by the ghostly traces of classic American Songbook pop structures. Two people travel the landscape by bus searching for the track’s subject, eventually discovering that everyone else on the freeway is too. Its sophisticated harmonic invention is toppled by its message; “America” becomes an ellipsis, a cipher, an unanswerable question. “Overs,” a study about the end of a relationship, contains Halee’s ingenious use of sound: lighting a cigarette and inhaling and exhaling its smoke underscore the story told by the melody and lyrics. In a two-minute field recording of the voices of old people collected from nursing homes by Garfunkel, disembodied voices reveal entire lifetimes in a few seconds. “Old Friends” carries the message deeper. Simon’s image of two old men sitting on a park bench sharing memories and their fears of the changes surrounding them is indelible. A horn section threatens to interrupt their reverie, reflecting the chaos they perceive, but is warded off as the gentle melody returns and fades into the album’s opening theme. In “Fakin’ It,” Simon reveals the falsity inherent in modern life — it’s better to appear to have it together than reflect the struggle of not being able to: “This feeling of fakin’ it/I still haven’t shaken it/I know I’m fakin’ it/I’m not really makin’ it.” The album’s final three tracks, “Mrs. Robinson” (the iconic theme song from the film The Graduate), “A Hazy Shade of Winter,” and the album’s concluding track, “At the Zoo,” offer a tremblingly bleak vision of the future rooted in the lives of everyday people who “fake it,” living an illusory dream publicly while trembling with confusion and fear in private (no matter one’s generation), subverting the Madison Avenue notion of the “generation gap” simply and honestly. Bookends’ problematic, disillusioned themes, sometimes disguised in wry humor, striking arrangements, and augmented orchestral instrumentation, portray the sounds of people in an American life that they no longer understand, or understands them. Simon & Garfunkel never overstate; instead they observe, almost journalistically, enormous life and cultural questions in the process of them being asked. In just over 29 minutes, Bookends is stunning in its vision of a bewildered America in search of itself. — Thom Jurek

Track Listing

Side one
No. Title Recorded Length
1. “Bookends Theme” 1968 0:32
2. “Save the Life of My Child” December 14, 1967 2:49
3. “America” February 1, 1968 3:35
4. “Overs” October 16, 1967 2:14
5. “Voices of Old People” February 6, 1968 2:07
6. “Old Friends” 1968 2:36
7. “Bookends Theme” 1968 1:16
Side two
No. Title Recorded Length
1. “Fakin’ It” June 1967 3:17
2. “Punky’s Dilemma” October 5, 1967 2:12
3. “Mrs. Robinson” February 2, 1968 4:02
4. “A Hazy Shade of Winter” September 7, 1966 2:17
5. “At the Zoo” January 8, 1967 2:23


Schill Score: 8.5/10


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Simon & Garfunkel – Parsley, Sage, Rosemary And Thyme (1966)

Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme is the third studio album by American music duo Simon & Garfunkel. Produced by Bob Johnston, the album was released on October 24, 1966 in the United States by Columbia Records. Following the success of their debut single “The Sound of Silence”, Simon & Garfunkel regrouped after a time apart while Columbia issued their second album, a rushed collection titled Sounds of Silence. For their third album, the duo spent almost three months in the studio, for the first time extending a perfectionist nature both in terms of instrumentation and production.

The album largely consists of acoustic pieces that were mostly written during Paul Simon’s period in England the previous year, including some numbers recycled from his debut solo record, The Paul Simon Songbook. The album includes the Garfunkel-led piece “For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her”, as well as “7 O’Clock News/Silent Night”, a combination of news reports of the day (the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement, the death of comedian Lenny Bruce), and the Christmas carol “Silent Night”.

Many critics have considered it a breakthrough in recording for the duo, and one of their best efforts. “Homeward Bound” had already been a top five hit in numerous countries and “Scarborough Fair/Canticle” performed similarly. The album peaked at number four on the Billboard Pop Album Chart and was eventually certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.

Track Listing:

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Recorded Length
1. “Scarborough Fair/Canticle” Traditional, arr. by Simon, Art Garfunkel July 26, 1966 3:10
2. “Patterns” June 8, 1966 2:42
3. “Cloudy” Simon, Bruce Woodley June 10, 1966 2:10
4. “Homeward Bound” December 14, 1965 2:30
5. “The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine” June 15, 1966 2:44
6. “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy)” August 16, 1966 1:43

Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Recorded Length
1. “The Dangling Conversation” June 21, 1966 2:37
2. “Flowers Never Bend with the Rainfall” December 22, 1965 2:10
3. “A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert McNamara’d into Submission)” June 13, 1966 2:12
4. “For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her” August 22, 1966 2:04
5. “A Poem on the Underground Wall” June 13, 1966 1:52
6. “7 O’Clock News/Silent Night” Josef Mohr, Franz Gruber August 22, 1966 2:01

Review: Simon & Garfunkel’s first masterpiece, Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme was also the first album on which the duo, in tandem with engineer Roy Halee, exerted total control from beginning to end, right down to the mixing, and it is an achievement akin to the Beatles’ Revolver or the Beach Boys’ Pet Sounds album, and just as personal and pointed as either of those records at their respective bests. After the frantic rush to put together an LP in just three weeks that characterized the Sounds of Silence album early in 1966, Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme came together over a longer gestation period of about three months, an uncommonly extended period of recording in those days, but it gave the duo a chance to develop and shape the songs the way they wanted them. The album opens with one of the last vestiges of Paul Simon’s stay in England, “Scarborough Fair/Canticle” — the latter was the duo’s adaptation of a centuries-old English folk song in an arrangement that Simon had learned from Martin Carthy. The two transformed the song into a daunting achievement in the studio, however, incorporating myriad vocal overdubs and utilizing a harpsichord, among other instruments, to embellish it, and also wove into its structure Simon’s “The Side of a Hill,” a gentle antiwar song that he had previously recorded on The Paul Simon Songbook in England. The sonic results were startling on their face, a record that was every bit as challenging in its way as “Good Vibrations,” but the subliminal effect was even more profound, mixing a hauntingly beautiful antique melody, and a song about love in a peaceful, domestic setting, with a message about war and death; Simon & Garfunkel were never as political as, say, Peter, Paul & Mary or Joan Baez, but on this record they did bring the Vietnam war home.

The rest of the album was less imposing but just as beguiling — audiences could revel in the play of Simon’s mind (and Simon & Garfunkel’s arranging skills) and his sense of wonder (and frustration) on “Patterns,” and appreciate the sneering rock & roll-based social commentary “The Big Bright Green Pleasure Machine.” Two of the most beautiful songs ever written about the simple joys of living, the languid “Cloudy” and bouncy “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy),” were no less seductive, and the album also included “Homeward Bound,” their Top Five hit follow-up to “The Sound of Silence,” which had actually been recorded at the sessions for that LP. No Simon & Garfunkel song elicits more difference of opinion than “The Dangling Conversation,” making its LP debut here — one camp regards it as hopelessly pretentious and precious in its literary name-dropping and rich string orchestra accompaniment, while another holds it as a finely articulate account of a couple grown distant and disconnected through their intellectual pretensions; emotionally, it is definitely the precursor to the more highly regarded “Overs” off the next album, and it resonated well on college campuses at the time, evoking images of graduate school couples drifting apart, but for all the beauty of the singing and the arrangement, it also seemed far removed from the experience of teenagers or any listeners not living a life surrounded by literature (“couplets out of rhyme” indeed!), and understandably only made the Top 30 on AM radio. “For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her” was a romantic idyll that presented Art Garfunkel at his most vulnerable sounding, anticipating such solo releases of his as “All I Know,” while “Flowers Never Bend With the Rainfall” was Simon at his most reflectively philosophical, dealing with age and its changes much as “Patterns” dealt with the struggle to change, with a dissonant note (literally) at the end that anticipated the style of the duo’s next album. — Bruce Eder

Schill Score: 7.75/10

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